The island of Corfu, due to the frequent rains, has a number of small wetlands that host many organisms, both invertebrates and vertebrates. The frog is one of the most well-known amphibians in the Corfiot wetlands.
The term “amphibian” refers to those animals that can and do live in two different ecosystems, they adapt to the appropriate morphology and physiology.
The frogs spend the first phase of their lives in the water where they breathe the dissolved oxygen with their gills. At this stage they are called tadpoles and have an agile tail with the help of which they move in the liquid element.
In the second phase of their lives, they transform into the well-known frogs, acquire four limbs so that they can move on land and breathe the oxygen of the atmosphere with their lungs.
The frog’s body is divided into two parts: the head and the trunk. The head has a triangular shape and in front there is the mouth, which reaches the ears.
The frog’s eyes, unlike humans, have a developed lower eyelid. The frog’s hind legs are larger and more developed than the front ones, and they have a membrane between the toes. So, the frog can swim very well when it is in the water and move by jumping when it is on land.
The frog's hind legs are a delicious, speciality dish in some areas of central Corfu, around the area of Poulades and Skripero, where the many small lakes and ponds are located. They are found, predominantly, around the lakes.
The body colour of frogs varies from light to dark brown. However, the frog can change colour to adapt better to its environment, thus avoiding its enemies. Its skin is smooth and covered with mucus.
Frogs die during breeding season, but also at all times of the year, especially at night, when the atmosphere is humid. Frogs breed in March and April.
They feed mainly on worms and insects, which they catch with the help of their tongue.
The most common frog species in Corfu are the green frog and the common frog.